A new study has found out women who go through premature menopause are at greater risk of chronic health conditions later in life. These chronic health issues include diabetes and heart disease also. Normally women experience menopause after the age of 50. However, when menopause strikes at the age of 40, women become more prone to a higher risk of health issues. The study has been put together by the scientists from the University of Queensland. Authors of the study have advised that women with premature menopause should be screened for severe health issues. This study has been published in the Journal of Human Reproduction.
Researchers have followed more than 5000 women in the age group of 45 to 50 years from 1996 to 2016. Experts have enquired whether these women have or have been treated for diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, arthritis, depression, anxiety, breast cancer, heart disease, and stroke in the past three years. The findings of the study have shown that some 71 percent of women, who have gone through early menopause, have been diagnosed with multiple chronic conditions compared to the 55 percent of women who got menopause at the age of 50. Keeping all the other factors aside for the chronic disease, experts have observed that early menopause increases the risk of severe diseases by three-fold. The condition in women with two or more chronic diseases is called multimorbidity. Multimorbidity is quite common in middle-aged and early elderly women.
As per the scientists, in the span of 20 years, 2.3 percent of women have experienced early menopause and 55 percent of women have been diagnosed with multimorbidity. Researchers have said that genetic differences trigger premature menopause, which is linked to severe health issues. Reduced oestrogen production as well speeds up the aging, which leads to severe ailments. Doctors should provide a comprehensive screening to the women who are at risk. They have said multimorbidity should be taken as a clinical and public health priority.